In Egypt a strong and shrewd young girl tried to deal with the plight of her country under the threat of Roman domination. Her name was Cleopatra.

More nonsense has been written about Cleopatra than about any other African queen, mainly because it has been the desire of many writers to paint her white. She was not a white woman, she was not a Greek. Let us dispose of this matter before explaining the more important aspects of her life. Until the emergence of the doctrine of white superiority, Cleopatra was generally pictured as a distinctly African woman, dark in color. Shakespeare in the opining line of Anthony and Cleopatra calls her tawny. In his day, mulattos were called tawny Moors. The word Moor came into the European languages meaning black or blackamoor. In the Book of Acts, Cleopatra describes herself as black.