The king was considered the incarnation of the god Horus and from the 5th Dynasty, the son of Re, the sun g-d. The first major stone building in the world, the famous Step Pyramid, was constructed at Saqqara for Djoser, one of the kings of the 3rd Dynasty. During the 4th Dynasty, a number of large pyramids were built, including Khufu's (Cheops) Great Pyramid at Giza

Giza is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing.

Egypt/Kemet attained its first continuous peak of civilizational complexity and achievement that marks the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. A lot of Egyptologists also include the Memphite seven and eighth Dynasties in the Old Kingdom as a continuation of the administration centralized at Memphis. The Old Kingdom was followed by a period of cultural decline. The Old Kingdom is perhaps best known, however, for the large number of pyramids which were constructed to be the rulerís burial places. For this reason, the Old Kingdom is frequently referred to as "the Age of the Pyramids".

A golden age is a time in a specific culture when cultural advancements are at their highest point. These ages are often followed by a decline, where new cultural products are derivative and less inspired and where politics begin to veer off from their initial course. If such ages could be graphed, they would be the high point, the top of the bell on a bell curve, or the apex of a society. Generally speaking, however, these time periods are simply a sort of cultural explosion occurs where new developments, and new ideas that benefit society as a whole happen.

Golden ages are typically periods of time where one can observe a definite low point prior to and after the age. It is frequently premature to call a new event a golden age, therefore, since without being able to foretell the future, it's impossible to view its decline. The term generally relates to things past and should not be applied to present events or cultural developments.