Neanderthals lived across Eurasia, as far north and west as the Britain, through part of the Middle East, to Uzbekistan. Scientists have discovered that they used tools, buried their dead, controlled fire and they often took shelter in Eurasia’s plentiful limestone caves.A very small percent of Neanderthals had red hair, light skin, and maybe even freckles. It is theorized that for a time, Neanderthals, humans and probably other Homo species shared the Earth. Humans interbred with Neanderthals and the two species actually overlapped in Europe for thousands years.